Survey Of Bank Forecasts – February 2020

Brexit finally happens and the coronavirus wreaks havoc on the Chinese populace and economy despite progress on the U.S.-China trade agreement.

Coronavirus and trade deals affect world economy

Increased concerns over the coronavirus outbreak emanating from China have begun affecting world markets. The global spread of the deadly virus led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a public health emergency on January 30th.

Despite the U.S. reaching a trade agreement for China to purchase an additional $200 billion of American goods and services, the coronavirus outbreak has led Chinese government economists to request a delay on the deal. This is due to reduced demand for Chinese goods and a lockdown on many locations within the country that will likely affect global supply chains.[1]

BOC and Fed hold rates steady amid geopolitical tensions

In the Bank of Canada’s (BoC’s) latest rate decision on January 22nd, the central bank maintained the Overnight Rate at 1.75%, the Bank Rate at 2% and the Deposit Rate at 1.5%. The BoC’s statement indicated the “global economy was showing signs of stabilization, and some recent trade developments have been positive. However, there remains a high degree of uncertainty and geopolitical tensions have re-emerged with tragic consequences.” The BoC’s estimate for Canadian Q4 2019 growth was just 0.3%, while its Q1 2020 growth forecast is 1.3%.[2]

The US Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) held its Fed Funds target rate unchanged at 1.5%–1.75% on January 28th. While that was expected, the FOMC substituted the word “near” to “returning to” in reference to the 2% symmetric inflation objective. This suggests a slightly dovish inclination since the economy is further away from its target than previously estimated. Fed Chair Powell also clarified that the 2% inflation objective was not a ceiling and that policymakers would not begin to raise rates until there was a persistent increase in the US inflation rate from its current 1.6% level.

Statistics Canada released its January employment numbers on February 7th, which showed the Unemployment Rate dropping from 5.6% to 5.5% due to the addition of 35,000 full-time jobs in January.[3] Buoyed by positive employment data and crude oil price gains, the Canadian dollar rallied versus the US dollar from its February low of 0.7487 to a current level of 0.7543.[4] Of banks surveyed, the Canadian dollar is expected to trade between 0.7800 and 0.8000 (Scotiabank), 0.7300 to 0.7500 (CIBC), and 0.7500 to 0.7800 (National and RBC) during 2020.

US$ per CAD between March 2018 and December 2020

Brexit withdrawal agreement ratified by EU and UK Parliaments

The Brexit withdrawal agreement was signed on January 24th, 2020, and the European Parliament gave its consent on January 29th. It was then ratified by the Council of the European Union on January 30th and was subsequently endorsed by leaders of the 27 remaining EU nations. It gives the UK and EU a transition period until December 31st, 2020 in which the UK will remain in the single market so that the parties can work out a trade agreement. Without a viable trade agreement, the UK’s exit from the EU would effectively become a “no deal” Brexit.

According to RBC, EU GDP growth unexpectedly slowed to 0.1% in the last quarter of 2019 due to declines in Italian and French GDP numbers, with French numbers adversely affected by labour disruptions. RBC noted that recent stabilization in its survey data suggests that European Central Bank (ECB) monetary policy may be less dovish. RBC also expects the ECB to remain on the sidelines and the EUR/CAD cross rate to trade between 1.4100 and 1.5200 for the remainder of the year, while CIBC expects the cross to trade in the 1.4400 to 1.5500 range.

EUR per CAD between March 2018 and December 2020

BoC rates forecast to decline, while the Fed is expected to hold rates steady in 2020

BoC Governor Poloz spoke to reporters on January 18th saying that, “a rate cut remains on the table” due to “inflation being below target for a prolonged period”, although the BoC left its Overnight Rate unchanged at 1.75% on January 22nd.

RBC, CIBC and Scotiabank all forecast that the BoC could begin easing in April if Canadian economic growth continues showing signs of weakness, although they still expect the Overnight Rate to remain unchanged at 1.75% at the next meeting on March 4th.

The FOMC left the Fed Funds Rate at 1.50%–1.75% at their latest meeting on January 28th, with Fed Chair Powell stating that the central bank’s current monetary stance was appropriate given its objectives. Banks surveyed expected the FOMC to keep the Fed Funds rate fairly steady overall throughout 2020, with Scotiabank projecting 1.5%, CIBC’s estimating 1.625% and National forecasting 1.75%.

Canada overnight lending rate and US federal funds rate

2-year bond yields forecast to rise in the U.S. and Canada

U.S. and Canadian 2-year government bonds yield 1.34% and 1.50% respectively, and all surveyed banks agreed that these yields would increase from current levels. This was attributed to global economic uncertainty resulting from the coronavirus outbreak in China that might affect the Phase 1 trade agreement with the U.S. The surveyed banks forecast increases to 1.85% on the U.S. 2-year and 1.65% for the Canadian 2-year yield (CIBC); 1.68% on the U.S. 2-year and 1.71% for the Canadian 2-year (National); 1.75% on the U.S. 2-year and 1.55% for the Canadian 2-year (RBC); and 1.70% on both U.S. and Canadian 2-year bond yields (Desjardins).

Canada and US 2 year government bond yields

10-year bond yields for U.S. and Canada expected to increase beginning in 1Q 2020

U.S. and Canadian 10-year government bonds currently yield 1.47% and 1.30% respectively, and all surveyed banks agreed that the yield on both bonds would increase in 2020. Scotiabank and Desjardins expect an increase in the U.S. 10-year bond yield to 1.80% by 3Q 2020, while National and CIBC call for a yield of over 2.0% by the end of 2020. Canadian 10-year yields are expected by Scotiabank to rise to 1.55% in Q1 and to 1.80% by year’s end, according to CIBC and Desjardins.

Canada and US 10 year government bond yields

30-year bond yield

U.S. and Canadian 30-year bonds currently yield 1.91% and 1.42% respectively. All the surveyed banks expected an increase in 30-year bond yields for both the U.S. and Canada by the end of 2020. For the U.S. 30-year bond, expected yields by Q4 2020 were 2.57% (National), 2.45% (Scotiabank), 1.90% (Desjardins), 2.70% (CIBC) and 2.50% (RBC). The Canadian 30-year bond yield is estimated to increase to 1.95% (RBC), 1.90% (Laurentian), 1.80% (Desjardins), 2.20% (CIBC) and 2.25% (Scotiabank) by Q4 of 2020.

Canada and US 30 year government bond yields

currency forecast by bank; overnight rate and federal funds rate; Canada and US government bond yields

dates of publication; all forecasts are retrieved from publicly available data sources